I want information about

I want information about

Wasting in Goats

Not all goats that are losing weight, weak and lethargic are suffering from worms, or they may be suffering from worms as well as another disease condition. Goats may become heavily parasitized because they already have a chronic debilitating disease that affects their immune system, or their ability to graze or absorb nutrients.

Goat diseases most likely to be confused with worms are discussed below.

Johne’s disease

Goats with Johne’s disease do not have the profuse scouring typical of cattle; weight loss is the main clinical sign and intermittent scouring may only occur in the terminal stages. Johne’s disease more commonly affects dairy goats than meat or fibre goats, but all goats are susceptible. Goats can get both the cattle and sheep strains of Johne’s disease, although the cattle strain is more common.

Even if goats are affected, clearly visible signs can be lacking at post-mortem. Tests are needed for confirmation, e.g. histology of the ileo-caecal lymph node. Many goats with Johne’s disease are also heavily infected with worms.

There is no clinical test that can identify Johne’s disease early in the incubation phase and if the goat is under 12 months of age. The incubation period can last many years. More information about Johne’s disease in goats can be found at Johne’s disease – Animal Health Australia.

Figure 1. Anglo-Nubian doe with Johne’s disease showing wasting. Source: Dr Sandra Baxendell.

Caprine Arthritis Encephalitis (CAE)

Goats infected chronically with CAE virus can have wasting and enlarged joints. Sometimes there is also pneumonia and mastitis. There is also a nervous form, but this is very rare. Dairy goats have the highest incidence, but all breeds are susceptible.

As the CAE virus affects the white blood cells, the immunity of goats is severely compromised. This means that goats with CAE are highly likely to have heavy parasite loads.

More information about CAE in goats can be found at Goat health and biosecurity – Animal Health Australia.

Figure 2. Saanen doe with CAE showing wasting and swollen knees. Source: Dr Sandra Baxendell.

Note: goats with Johne’s disease and CAE have lower resistance to worms, and may have high worm burdens.

Goat Health Declaration

All goat owners should obtain a Goat Health Declaration when purchasing new animals. This document mentions both CAE and Johne’s disease and can be downloaded from the Farm Biosecurity website. It also records recent vaccinations and worm drenches.

Other causes of wasting in goats

Other possible causes of wasting in goats include:

  • Internal cheesy gland abscesses. However, about half of the goats that have cheesy gland have internal abscesses, and this is not a major cause of wasting
  • Copper deficiency
  • Cobalt deficiency
  • Undernutrition
  • Poor teeth

Subscribe to the Boss Bulletin

Subscribe the the Boss Bulletin for monthly updates and articles about all things parasite management

Subscribe here

Notice: you are leaving the ParaBoss main website

www.wecqa.com.au is a secondary ParaBoss website hosted by the University of New England (UNE). Whilst this is still an official ParaBoss website, UNE is solely responsible for the website’s branding, content, offerings, and level of security. Please refer to the website’s posted Privacy Policy and Terms of Use.